Google Doodle – Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge Caffeine – Google Doodle is celebrating Friday for 225th birthday of chemist Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge.
Google Doodle – Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge Caffeine:
Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German analytical chemist discovered Caffeine which is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class. It is the world’s most widely consumed psychoactive drug. Unlike many other psychoactive substances, it is legal and unregulated in nearly all parts of the world.
Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge was born on 8 February 1794 in Hamburg, Prussia. From a young age, Runge conducted chemical experiments, serendipitously identifying the mydriatic (pupil dilating) effects of belladonna (deadly nightshade) extract. Google Doodle is celebrating Friday for 225th birthday of chemist Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge by way of an animated Doodle. For after demonstrated his belladonna discovery to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, he was encouraged to analyze the chemical makeup of coffee beans, leading a few months later to the identification of caffeine as its active ingredient.
According to Google Doodle – “During one such experiment, Runge accidentally splashed a drop of belladonna extract in his eye, taking note of its pupil-dilating effects. Ten years later, while studying under renown chemist and inventor Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner at the University of Jena, Runge was asked to reproduce belladonna’s effects as part of a demonstration for one of Döbereiner’s friends: the writer and polymath Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Impressed by the 25-year-old chemist, Goethe handed Runge a bag of rare coffee beans and suggested he analyze their chemical makeup. Shortly thereafter, Runge isolated the active ingredient we know today as caffeine!”
Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge Cause Of Death:
Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge died on 25 March 1867 (aged 73) in Oranienburg, Prussia. Runge died in poverty.