What Is Hantavirus? Man Dies Of Hantavirus In China – A Chinese man has died from the hantavirus while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a chartered bus on Monday.
What Is Hantavirus? Man Dies Of Hantavirus In China:
The man, from Yunnan Province, southwest China, died on Monday while traveling to Shandong Province in the east. He was tested positive for hantavirus. The 32-other people on the bus were tested.
The results of the tests of 32 people on the bus he was onboard, were unclear.
What Is Hantavirus?
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hantaviruses are a family of viruses spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied disease syndromes in people worldwide.
“Infection with any hantavirus can produce hantavirus disease in people,” the CDC notes.
The Centre for Disease Control says that Hantaviruses in the Americas are known as “New World” hantaviruses and may cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Other hantaviruses, known as “Old World” hantaviruses, are found mostly in Europe and Asia and may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).
How Does Hantavirus Spread:
Each hantavirus serotype has a specific rodent host species and is spread to people via aerosolized virus that is shed in urine, feces, and saliva, and less frequently by a bite from an infected host.
In rare cases, a person may catch hantavirus if they are bitten by an infected animal.
Hantavirus cannot be passed from person to person, such as from touching or kissing a person with it, or from a health care worker who treated someone with it.
It is possible to catch the virus if a person touches their mouth or nose after handling a surface contaminated with the urine, droppings or saliva of a host, as well as eating contaminated food, experts believe.
The most important hantavirus in the United States that can cause HPS is the Sin Nombre virus, spread by the deer mouse.
People tend to catch hantavirus infections in rural areas such as forests, fields or farms where the rodent carriers live.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), which has a mortality rate of 38%, is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantaviruses.
Initial symptoms of HPS (hantavirus pulmonary syndrome) — fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders, headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Four to 10 days after the initial phase of illness, the late symptoms of HPS (hantavirus pulmonary syndrome) appear — coughing and shortness of breath, the lungs can fill with fluid.
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), which has a mortality rate less than 1% to as many as 15% of patients, is a group of clinically similar illnesses caused by hantaviruses from the family Bunyaviridae.
Initial symptoms of Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) begin suddenly and include intense headaches, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and blurred vision.
In cases of HFRS, a person may have flushing of the face, inflammation or redness of the eyes, or a rash.
Later symptoms of HFRS can include low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure, which can cause severe fluid overload.
The CDC notes there is no specific treatment, cure or vaccine for hantavirus infection, you should eliminate or minimize contact with rodents in your home, workplace, or campsite. Seal up holes and gaps in your home or garage. Place traps in and around your home to decrease rodent infestation.